As I have stated in the front page introductionary articles of this site, key issues to live a hundred years, I believe, surely has a lot to do with avoiding calamities, or what I called "killer disorders" and adapt the body in such a way, that the cellular composition of the body ages at a reduced speed, maintains homeostasis for as long as possible, with a healthy balance between its main components, fat, water, bone and muscles and stays that way through the right supply of required nutrients, by either proper nutrition or other help and receives sufficient exercise and mobility i.e. avoid sedentary behaviour, to keep all systems functioning properly.
Having stated- or better, repeated those objectives, this would be a good point to return to those "killer disorders" and identify the main causes of death, which should be avoided and which I copied from the WHO (World Health Organization), mentioned in the front page article - link here
, that I would use as reference point for my change processes or better, processes to lead to minimalization of all health risks associated with those "killer disorders".
Top 10 causes of death worldwide
The commentary to the slide of the WHO, you can find below:
Of the 56.4 million deaths worldwide in 2015, more than half (54%) were due to the top 10 causes. Ischaemic heart disease and stroke are the world’s biggest killers, accounting for a combined 15 million deaths in 2015. These diseases have remained the leading causes of death globally in the last 15 years.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease claimed 3.2 million lives in 2015, while lung cancer (along with trachea and bronchus cancers) caused 1.7 million deaths. Diabetes killed 1.6 million people in 2015, up from less than 1 million in 2000. Deaths due to dementias more than doubled between 2000 and 2015, making it the 7th leading cause of global deaths in 2015.
Lower respiratory infections remained the most deadly communicable disease, causing 3.2 million deaths worldwide in 2015. The death rate from diarrhoeal diseases almost halved between 2000 and 2015, but still caused 1.4 million deaths in 2015. Similarly, tuberculosis killed fewer people during the same period, but is still among the top 10 causes with a death toll of 1.4 million. HIV/AIDS is no longer among the world’s top 10 causes of death, having killed 1.1 million people in 2015 compared with 1.5 million in 2000.
Road injuries killed 1.3 million people in 2015, about three-quarters (76%) of whom were men and boys.
Before we start to draw conclusions, since the slide refers to the Global population and is different (but not a lot) compared to the main death causes of highly developed countries, we shall have a look at the data too - i.e. top 10 causes of death of one such high developed country, in this case the one of the USA.
The data originates from the WebMD website (nowadays a more or less Big Pharma property) and I put them in a background image of the Highgate cemetery in London, which is the only graveyard I have visited quite a few times in my life...since it is highly interesting and peaceful there.
WebMD provides to following text to the information:
Together, these 10 causes accounted for 74% of all deaths in the United States. They are unchanged from the top 10 in 2013. The information comes from death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, doctors, medical examiners, and coroners.
Rankings differed when analyzed by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Heart disease was the leading cause of death for men and women, and cancer was the second leading cause for both sexes. Accidents were the third leading cause for men and the sixth for women.
When analyzed by age, accidents were the top cause of death for children and adults under 44 years old. Cancer (30.5%) and heart disease (25.5%) were the leading causes for those 45 to 64 and 65 years and older, respectively.
Heart disease was the top cause of death for whites, blacks, American Indians and Alaska natives, while cancer was the leading cause for Hispanics, Asians and Pacific Islanders. HIV/AIDS went from the sixth to the eighth leading cause of death for men 25 to 34. It was the sixth for black men and seventh for Asian/Pacific Islander men and Hispanic men in the same age group. In contrast, HIV is not among the top 10 leading causes of death for white men of the same age.
This information can also be viewed in the slide below, which brings it all a bit into perspective- I am wondering, if there is a category- "old age" in the categories representing the non-listed 26% of deaths. Of course- falling a sleep at a very high age and simply not waking up i.e. dying whilst being healthy and sleeping sounds like the perfect way to go someday.
The data is overwhelmingly clear- main goals should be to prophylactically protect oneselves from ischemia- and cancer issues, which seem to be the cause of the bulk of all - lets say- premature deaths. I tend to believe, that heart disease and stroke are pretty much the same in nature, simply affect different organs i.e. heart and brain. But also an objective for this write-up, is to simply eliminate those disorders from the lists, which I believe to be UNCONTROLLABLE or LOW RISK for myself and other reasonably healthy folks in developed countries.
From the WHO list, I think I can scratch therefore the following leading death causes for MYSELF, in respect of guarding against:
- Diarrhoeal diseases - as a communicable disease, since hygiene and food quality in the Western world is adequate enough to provide protection
- Tuberculosis, similar as 1., since this is nowadays a developing country disorder and less prevalent in developed countries
- Road Injury is for me a hazard I can cope with, without having to take pre-cautions.
Looking at the top 10 causes in the USA, the same thing can be said- i.e. scratch for myself in respect of prevention- of:
- accidental accidents- I simply do not swing a sledgehammer all that often any longer and am careful.
- suicide- is for me a "contradictio in termine"- I love life and would never want to end it voluntarily,
So there you go- after weeding out some uncontrollable and low risk causes of death- I am left with the following (combining the two lists).
First- the communicable disorders- Influenza or in the words of the WHO - lower respiratory infections and the BIG heavy weight NCD (Non-communicable) Disorders : vascular- Heart Disease and Stroke, the malignant cell disorder Cancer, the Lung disorder COPD and the two lifestyle disorders, Diabetes and Alzheimer´s.
Next step will be to look at the "leading factors" or much better- ROOT CAUSES of those remaining disorders and what we-, or in this case, I can do about them. But that is the subject of the next article. Stay tuned.